1968. In: Fuccillo D, Sears L, Stapleton P, editors. Prospects for chickpea cropping are discussed. Most production and consumption of chickpea takes place in developing countries. There are two main varieties of chickpea: Desi â The smaller, darker, rougher-surfaced variety of chickpea, grown mostly in India, the Middle East, Mexico, and eastern Africa. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria. Total U.S. acreage of chickpeas planted was up 53 percent in 2017 compared to 2016. The majority of the centres were following standard practices in managing their collections. Biodiversity in Trust. International Agricultural Research Centres who worked together to make this site possible: It is cultivated on nearly every continent, but major traditional production is in India, Pakistan, Turkey, Myanmar, and Ethiopia. 48:197-204. Africa Rice Center | Bioversity International | CIAT | CIMMYT | CIP | ICARDA | ICRISAT | IFPRI | IITA | ILRI | IRRI |, Genetic resources and genebank management, Pre-breeding for Effective Use of Plant Genetic Resources, Spatial Analysis of Plant Diversity and Distribution, In vitro conservation and cryopreservation, Rice seeds from arrival at IRRI to departure, Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, http://www.croptrust.org/documents/web/CicerStrategy_FINAL_2Dec08.pdf. Chickpea is the third most important pulse in the world (after beans and peas). CABI, Wallingford, UK. Three genepools have been proposed for grouping Cicer species: the primary genepool (GP1) includes the cultivated species C. arietinum and two wild annual species C. echinospermum P.H. London: Duckworth. Chickpea spread with human migration toward the West and South via the Silk Route (Singh et al, 1997). Chickpea is a diploid and predominantly self-pollinated legume, but cross-pollination by insects sometimes occurs (Purseglove, 1968). Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, Egyptian pea. 18.104.22.168. This legume is important as a protein source and cash crop and makes important component of the low input agricultural system of the country. Kabuli type is grown in temperate regions while the desi type chickpea is grown in the semi-arid tropics (Muehlbauer and Singh, 1987; Malhotra et al., 1987). Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is characterised by a different adaptation profile from the other crops of West Asian origin such as pea, barley, and wheat. ISBN 0851985718. They have a bushy growth habit and blue-violet flowers. It is cultivated on nearly every continent, but major traditional production is in India, Pakistan, Turkey, Myanmar, and Ethiopia. Redden RJ, Berger JD. It originated in southeastern Turkey (Ladizinsky 1975). 1951. It is also being used increasingly as a substitute for animal protein. pp 187-217. Reference number [an auto generated reference number e.g. Dicotyledons. Date accessed: 25 May 2009. Furthermore, various abiotic and biotic It is cultivated primarily for its seeds rich in proteins. Some authors also group the perennial wild Cicer species C. anatolicum Alef., with the primary genepool species (Choumane and Baum, 2000). The following information must be recorded for each accession: Status [inside supply/external supply (GIMS)]. Other chapters from this book. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2008. http://www.croptrust.org/documents/web/CicerStrategy_FINAL_2Dec08.pdf. Rich., and 34 wild perennial Cicer species (Ahmad et al, 2005). Chickpea probably originated from South East Turkey. Based on seed size and shape, two main kinds of chickpea are recognized: The Desi types closer to the putative progenitor (C. reticulatum) found predominantly in India and Ethiopia, which have small, angular, coloured seeds and a rough coat. Chickpea is valued for its nutritive seeds with high protein content, 25.3-28.9 %, after dehulling (Hulse, 1991). Chickpea spread with human migration toward the West and South via the Silk Route (Singh et al, 1997). PY - 1987. The origin of the kabuli form has been enigmatic. Chickpea is the cultivated legume, Cicer arietinum (L.). One of two major forms of chickpea, the so-called kabuli type, has white ï¬owers and light-colored seed coats, properties not known to exist in the wild progenitor. Chickpea is the common name for an annual plant, Cicer â¦ Data from these centres were reviewed and the best and adaptable practices were identified and compiled here. Proof of chickpea cultivation dates back as far as the early Bronze Age in Jericho (Hopf, 1969). Watch a great documentary on the importance of genetic diversity, land races and crop wild relatives, to the future of agriculture in the face of climate change and other challenges. It does not contain any specific major anti-nutritional or toxic factors often present in other legumes. Chickpea is a cool season food legume crop grown on >10 million ha in 45 countries of the world. The presence of MAT1-2 isolates in both clusters suggests at least two independent introductions of MAT1-2 into Tunisia that are likely to be the result of importation and planting of infected chickpea seeds. Part of Springer Nature. Primary center of origin- soybean, radish, orange, pear, millets, oats and Chinese cabbage. Keywords: ascochyta blight, chickpea, The high protein content makes it a perfect addition to cereals, as cereals... Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips. pp. Cicer arietinum L. (chickpea) is the world's fourth most widely grown pulse. to the color of seed and geographic distribution, chickpea is grouped into two biotypes: Desi (Indian origin) and Kabuli (Mediterranean and Middle Eastern origin) while Kabuli cultivars have large seeds with white to cream colored seed coat, Desi cultivars have â¦ Chickpea seeds contain an average of 23% proteins and the crop meets up to 80% of the nitrogen requirements from symbiotic nitrogen fixation. 1. Ladizinsky G, Adler A. Contributors to this page: ICRISAT, Patancheru, India (Hari D Upadhyaya, Shivali Sharma, Cholenahalli L Laxmipathi Gowda, Dintyala Sastry, Sube Singh); NBPGR, New Delhi, India (Shyam Sharma); ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria (Ahmed Amri, Kenneth Street, Natalya Rukhkyan), SARC-RIPP, Piestany, Slovak Republic (Gabriela Antalikova); Institute of Plant Genetic Resources ‘K.Malkov’, Sadovo, Bulgaria (Siyka Stoyanova); Department of Primary Industries, Victoria, Australia (Bob Redden); IPK, Gatersleben, Germany (Andreas BÃ¶rner). Ethiopia is one of the secondary centers of origin for chickpea where in 2016, over one million farmers produced the crop on 240,000 hectares of land with a total production of 450,000 Mt (CSA, 2017). Chickpea. Not logged in Choumane W, Baum M. 2000. 100-113. It belongs to the Fabaceae family. Their plants have a more erect grown habit and white flowers. The Domestication and Exploitation of Plants and Animals. In: Witcombe J.R., Erskine W. (eds) Genetic Resources and Their Exploitation â Chickpeas, Faba beans and Lentils. Chickpea is grown in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate regions.